How Does a Sale and Purchase Agreement Work?

Dive into Sale and Purchase Agreements in Ontario. Contact TDJ Law for help with OREA Form 100 from a real estate lawyer in Ottawa.

Written By

Todd Ji, real estate lawyer

Todd Ji

Published On

June 25, 2023


If you have ever considered buying or selling a property in Ontario, Canada, then you are likely to come across a crucial legal document: the Sale and Purchase Agreement. This document, underpinned by the OREA Form 100, is the linchpin to a successful and legally protected property transaction.

What is a Sale and Purchase Agreement?

In its simplest form, a Sale and Purchase Agreement (SPA) is a legal contract that outlines the terms and conditions related to the sale and purchase of a property. The agreement provides details about the parties involved (buyer and seller), the property in question, the purchase price, and the terms and conditions under which the transaction will occur.

An SPA is an essential document in the real estate transaction process as it lays out the obligations of each party and sets the timeline for when specific actions need to occur. It becomes legally binding once both parties have signed the document.

The Process

Before the SPA is drafted, the buyer typically submits an offer to purchase a property, specifying their terms and conditions. If the seller accepts these terms, they will draft the SPA based on this offer.

The SPA then gets reviewed by both parties and their legal representatives, ensuring that all the terms and conditions are understood and agreed upon. At this stage, amendments can be made if both parties agree to the changes.

After the SPA is signed, the buyer often has to pay a deposit, which will be held in trust until the closing of the transaction. The deposit demonstrates the buyer's commitment to the purchase and secures their rights to the property.

Between the signing of the agreement and the closing of the transaction (i.e., when the property's ownership legally transfers to the buyer), there is typically a due diligence period. This period allows the buyer to arrange for a property inspection, finalize their financing, and verify the property's legal status.

The Closing Process

Closing a real estate transaction involves several steps, such as finalizing the mortgage loan (if applicable), conducting a title search to ensure the property is free from liens or disputes, and coordinating the transfer of funds. The buyer's lawyer or notary will prepare the final documents, including the deed, and facilitate the closing process.

Once the funds have been transferred and the deed registered in the buyer's name, the keys are handed over to the buyer – marking the successful conclusion of the transaction.

OREA Form 100

Ontario Real Estate Association's Form 100, also known as the Agreement of Purchase and Sale, is a standardized document used widely in Ontario for property transactions. It outlines the terms and conditions of the sale, including details such as the price, closing date, chattels included, and any conditions of the sale.

While Form 100 provides a comprehensive structure for a property transaction, it is crucial to understand that it is a starting point and can be tailored to fit specific circumstances. For this reason, the advice of a real estate lawyer can be invaluable in navigating this process.

Benefits of Working with a Real Estate Lawyer

A real estate lawyer can be a pivotal ally in a property transaction. They can help draft, review, and amend the SPA, ensuring your interests are protected and that the document is legally sound. A lawyer can also help you understand the complex legal terminology used in these agreements.

Lawyers are instrumental during the due diligence period, facilitating the property inspection, performing the title search, and liaising with the mortgage lender. At closing, your lawyer will ensure that the transfer of ownership occurs smoothly and legally.

In a city like Ottawa, where the real estate market can be particularly competitive, a local lawyer can provide insights into the market, regional regulations, and customs, making the process less stressful and more straightforward.

Understanding the Sale and Purchase Agreement and the real estate transaction process is essential for anyone looking to buy or sell property in Ontario. While it can seem overwhelming at first, leveraging resources like the OREA Form 100 and enlisting the help of a real estate lawyer can significantly streamline the process and safeguard your interests. Real estate transactions are major financial decisions, and having a well-negotiated and comprehensive SPA is a vital step towards ensuring success.

Contact TDJ Law for Help with OREA Form 100 From a Real Estate Lawyer in Ottawa

Navigating the legal terrain of real estate transactions doesn't have to be daunting. At TDJ Law, our expert real estate lawyers in Ottawa are well-equipped to guide you through every step of the process. From reviewing or drafting your Sale and Purchase Agreement to managing the closing process, we're committed to ensuring your property transactions are seamless and worry-free.

Let us put our knowledge and experience to work for you. Don't hesitate to get in touch with us today for help with your OREA Form 100 and other real estate legal needs. Your successful property transaction in Ottawa is just a call or a click away!