Understanding OREA Forms 100 and 101: A Guide for Ontario Real Estate Transactions

Read our guide on OREA Forms 100 and 101. Learn about their differences, main clauses, and their critical role in property transactions.

Written By

Todd Ji, real estate lawyer

Todd Ji

Published On

June 16, 2023


The real estate market in Ontario involves various forms and documents to facilitate transactions, with the Ontario Real Estate Association (OREA) being the primary body that issues these forms. Among the most critical documents are OREA Form 100 and OREA Form 101. Understanding the differences and purposes of these forms is important for anyone involved in the real estate transaction process.

OREA Form 101 Explained

OREA Form 101, also known as the Agreement of Purchase and Sale, is a document specifically used for condo buying in Ontario. This form is essentially a contract that details the terms of a real estate transaction. During the negotiation process, this document is referred to as an offer. Once the contract is signed by both parties, it becomes an agreement​1.

Key clauses in OREA Form 101 include real property, common expenses, parking and lockers, title and title search, status certificate and management of condominium, meetings, approval of the agreement, and adjustments. These clauses are critical in a condo purchase and contain information about the condo corporation, monthly maintenance fees, parking spaces, restrictions on title, status certificate, and more​1.

OREA Form 100 Agreement of Purchase and Sale

OREA Form 100, like OREA Form 101, is also known as the Agreement of Purchase and Sale, but it is used for all other types of houses in the residential resale market, not just condos. This form outlines the terms and conditions related to the sale of a property and includes critical information such as the price, closing date, and any conditions that must be met for the sale to proceed​​.

Whether you're a buyer or a seller, if you're participating in a real estate transaction in Ontario, you'll likely need to use the OREA Form 100. It provides a clear framework for the agreement between the buyer and seller, ensuring all parties understand the specifics of the sale. This form also serves as the foundation of any real estate deal in Ontario, providing legal protection to all parties involved, reducing potential disputes or confusion during the transaction​​.

Explanations of Main Clauses

Real Property: This clause requires more information to be provided compared to freehold property resales, including details about the condominium property type, legal name of the condominium corporation, condominium plan number, unit number, level number, building number, and the number and level of parking space, among others​1​.

Common Expenses: Also known as monthly maintenance fees, these are charges the condo corporation levies on the buyer to maintain common areas such as the lobby and gym​1​.

Parking and Lockers: If parking and lockers are privately owned, they can be sold separately. If they are for exclusive use, they are transferred with the unit on the closing day​1​.

Title and Title Search: This clause includes registered restrictions on title placed by the Condo corporation, which the buyer must agree to​1​.

Status Certificate and Management of Condominium: The Status Certificate is a crucial document containing vital information that may impact the buyer’s decision. It's typically included in the condition terms of the contract and needs to be reviewed by a lawyer​1​.

Meetings: This clause deals with any meeting notices the seller may have received that could impact the buyer

Approval of the Agreement: The condo corporation reserves the right to disapprove of the transaction. If it does, the agreement is null and void​1​.

Adjustments: Unlike Form 100, Form 101 does not adjust for the seller’s share of any assets or liabilities of the Condominium Corporation. This includes any reserve or contingency fund to which the seller may have contributed prior to the date of completion. All the rest is prorated by the completion day​1​.

These clauses are an integral part of OREA Form 101 and provide crucial details that inform the real estate transaction.

Mastering the Closing Process

Understanding the nuances of OREA Forms 100 and 101 is vital for anyone involved in a real estate transaction in Ontario. Both documents serve as the Agreement of Purchase and Sale but are used for different property types. While Form 101 is used for condo purchases, Form 100 is utilized for all other types of residential resales.

These forms contain critical information that both the buyer and seller need to understand thoroughly, as they form the legal foundation of the real estate transaction. They detail the specifics of the sale, providing legal protection to all parties involved and reducing potential disputes or confusion during the transaction. Therefore, it's recommended that anyone involved in such transactions familiarize themselves with these forms or consult a real estate professional for advice.

Contact TDJ Law for Help with OREA Form 100 or OREA Form 101

Navigating the complexities of Ontario's real estate market can be challenging. OREA Forms 100 and 101 are integral to residential property transactions, and understanding them fully is important for a successful deal.

At TDJ Law, we have a team of experienced real estate lawyers who can help simplify these forms and guide you through the entire process. We can ensure that your rights are protected, and all the legal requirements are met. Whether you're buying a condo or another type of residential property, we're here to provide expert assistance and peace of mind.

Don't let legal jargon or complex clauses hinder your real estate journey. Reach out to us today and let our team help you understand and navigate OREA Form 100 or OREA Form 101.