What Ontarians Need to Know About the Land Transfer Tax

Explore our comprehensive guide to the Ontario Land Transfer Tax (LTT). Contact TDJ Law in Ottawa for personalized real estate law expertise

Written By

Todd Ji, real estate lawyer

Todd Ji

Published On

August 10, 2023


The purchase of a new home or property is often an exhilarating, but always complex process. Among the many considerations to navigate is the Land Transfer Tax (LTT) in Ontario. A lack of understanding of this tax can result in unexpected costs and complications. Here’s what Ontarians need to know about the Ontario Land Transfer Tax and some essential insights to help Ontarians during the home-buying process.

The Ontario Land Transfer Tax Explained

The Land Transfer Tax is a provincial tax levied on property buyers at the time of purchase. The tax applies to a wide range of properties, including homes, buildings, and land itself. The rate varies based on the purchase price and other factors, and it's essential to include this tax in your budget when buying property.

History and Purpose

The Ontario Land Transfer Tax was introduced in 1974, aimed at helping the province generate revenue for public services. It represents a significant portion of provincial revenue, contributing to essential sectors like healthcare, education, and infrastructure.

When You Have to Pay the Land Transfer Tax

The LTT is payable at the time of the property transfer, typically on the closing date of the purchase. Delaying the payment can lead to penalties, additional costs, and potential legal complications.

Who Has to Pay Land Transfer Tax in Ontario?

Generally, the buyer of the property is responsible for paying the Land Transfer Tax in Ontario. This applies to both Canadian citizens and international buyers, regardless of whether the property is for personal use or investment.

Land Transfer Tax Exemptions

Certain exemptions may apply, reducing or eliminating the Land Transfer Tax. These exemptions might include:

  • First-time homebuyers
  • Transfers between spouses
  • Specific types of agricultural land

Consulting with a real estate lawyer or tax professional is advisable to determine if you qualify for any exemptions.

How Land Transfer Tax is Calculated

The calculation for the LTT is progressive and depends on the purchase price:

  • 0.5% on the first $55,000
  • 1.0% on the portion over $55,000 up to $250,000
  • 1.5% on the portion over $250,000 up to $400,000
  • 2.0% on the portion over $400,000

Additional municipal taxes may apply in some areas.

What's Included in the Ontario Land Transfer Tax?

The LTT includes the transfer of property ownership. It does not cover other expenses such as legal fees, home inspection costs, or mortgage insurance.

How to Get a Land Transfer Tax Rebate and How It's Paid Out

First-time homebuyers and those who meet certain criteria may be eligible for a rebate. The rebate can reduce or even eliminate the LTT, providing significant savings. Applying for the rebate usually occurs during the closing process, with the assistance of a real estate lawyer or financial professional.

Contact TDJ Law to Get a Quote From a Real Estate Lawyer in Ottawa and Real Estate Law Expertise

Navigating the Land Transfer Tax in Ontario can be a complex process. Whether you're a first-time buyer or an experienced investor, consulting with a real estate lawyer is the best way to avoid costly missteps. TDJ Law, with our dedicated team in Ottawa, provides tailored solutions and expert advice in real estate law. Contact TDJ Law to get a quote and make your property buying experience as smooth and cost-efficient as possible.